Urban Laboratory Portoviejo

Potential climate/ disaster impacts addressed by approach & Justification for approach:

The 2016 earthquake marked one of the milestones in risk management in Ecuador, in particular in the city of Portoviejo, the capital of Manabí province. This highlighted the need for an integral and policy-driven approach to risk reduction. After that, in the winter of 2017, heavy rains, combined with deforestation processes in the hills, and a larger number of informal settlements in risk areas, accompanied by elements of socio-economic vulnerability, gave way to the occurrence of strong landslides and floods in several sectors of the city. This reinforced the need to strengthen public intervention focused on risk reduction. In this context, the Sustainable Intermediate Cities Program (CIS) established the city of Portoviejo as one of the "Urban Laboratories" to constitute a platform to promote and put into practice innovative policies and initiatives focused on risk management, resilience, and adaptation to climate change, as well as its mainstreaming in territorial planning processes and urban development instruments.

Process of Implementation:

1. Strengthening of institutional management: Establish a local governance model that promotes institutional resilience to reduce present and future risks. a) Risk management institutionalization through the strengthening of the local regulatory framework. b) Design and application of tools to enable local government to improve capacities for corrective and prospective risk management in the framework of its exclusive municipal competencies. c) Generation of inputs and strengthening of capacities to include the risk and climate change management approach in planning instruments for development. 2. Strengthening of spatial management: Promote the interaction of the biophysical structures and dynamics and the social aspects of the territory to reduce existing risks and avoid the generation of new risks. a) Generation of instruments and mechanisms to improve corrective and prospective risk management. b) Development of processes to promote the link of shared responsibility between the public, private, civil society, and academia in territorial development. c) Focus on territorial intervention in the San Pablo intervention polygon through a process of social transformation and integral improvement of the neighborhoods, from the risk reduction and adaptation to climate change approach.

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