Urban Resilience: Managing disaster risks for a safe Central America

Potential climate/ disaster impacts addressed by approach & Justification for approach:

Central America and Dominican Republic has the second fastest rate of urbanisation in the world, only surpassed by Africa, under a model of unplanned, dispersed, low-density urban expansion. Climate change has led to an increase in hydro-meteorological hazards, such as heavy rains, hurricanes and droughts that require adaptation actions. Cities and, particularly, San Salvador metropolitan area and Tegucigalpa are the most affected by these effects, while prospective and preventive management of disaster risks in them increasingly requires a holistic and multidisciplinary perspective. Precarious and informal settlements tend to be located in areas at risk of flooding, landslides and seismic risk zones. So far, the focus of risk attention has been on improving emergency response and response mechanisms, this reactive and responsive approach repeatedly results in heavy losses and damages, there is a willingness to work in coordination among the member countries of the SICA region to achieve the New Urban Agenda and contribute to the achievement of the Agenda 2030 for Sustainable Development.

Process of Implementation:

On the regional level, regional organisations will develop joint positions and present them jointly in international fora, putting the region's DRM efforts on the global agenda. At the local level, the project will strengthen the capacities of relevant actors in the DRM field in the municipalities, planning offices and civil society in San Salvador and Tegucigalpa. They will get trainings on the identification and use of risk information, as well as in the management of projects and processes. The focus will lie on developing joint risk analyses and interpretations, especially those related to floods and precarious settlements.

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